实现

一个简单的 Promise 的粗糙实现,关键点在于

  1. pending 时, thenable 函数由一个队列维护
  2. 当状态变为 resolved(fulfilled) 时,队列中所有 thenable 函数执行
  3. resolved 时, thenable 函数直接执行

rejected 状态同理

class Prom {
  static resolve (value) {
    if (value && value.then) {
      return value 
    }
    return new Prom(resolve => resolve(value))
  }

  constructor (fn) {
    this.value = undefined
    this.reason = undefined
    this.status = 'PENDING'

    // 维护一个 resolve/pending 的函数队列
    this.resolveFns = []
    this.rejectFns = []

    const resolve = (value) => {
      // 注意此处的 setTimeout
      setTimeout(() => {
        this.status = 'RESOLVED'
        this.value = value
        this.resolveFns.forEach(({ fn, resolve: res, reject: rej }) => res(fn(value)))
      })
    }

    const reject = (e) => {
      setTimeout(() => {
        this.status = 'REJECTED'
        this.reason = e
        this.rejectFns.forEach(({ fn, resolve: res, reject: rej }) => rej(fn(e)))
      })
    }

    fn(resolve, reject)
  }


  then (fn) {
    if (this.status === 'RESOLVED') {
      const result = fn(this.value)
      // 需要返回一个 Promise
      // 如果状态为 resolved,直接执行
      return Prom.resolve(result)
    }
    if (this.status === 'PENDING') {
      // 也是返回一个 Promise
      return new Prom((resolve, reject) => {
        // 推进队列中,resolved 后统一执行
        this.resolveFns.push({ fn, resolve, reject }) 
      })
    }
  }

  catch (fn) {
    if (this.status === 'REJECTED') {
      const result = fn(this.value)
      return Prom.resolve(result)
    }
    if (this.status === 'PENDING') {
      return new Prom((resolve, reject) => {
        this.rejectFns.push({ fn, resolve, reject }) 
      })
    }
  }
}

Prom.resolve(10).then(o => o * 10).then(o => o + 10).then(o => {
  console.log(o)
})

return new Prom((resolve, reject) => reject('Error')).catch(e => {
  console.log('Error', e)
})
Last Updated: 8/7/2019, 11:55:56 AM